The age of consent is the minimum age at which an individual is considered legally old enough to consent to participation in sexual activity.
As pointed out in the 1984 Badgley Report on Sexual Offences Against Children, Canada has a long history of prohibiting sexual intercourse with young females, regardless of their consent.
Only girls under 12 were absolutely unable to consent to sexual intercourse until 1890, when the age limit was raised to 14.
Canada statutory rape law is violated when an individual has consensual sexual intercourse with a person under age 16. One allows a minor aged 12 or 13 to consent to sexual congress with an individual less then two years older.
The other allows 14 and 16 year olds to consent to partners less than 5 years older.
The age of consent is raised to 18 when the older party is in a position of trust or authority over the other, the younger party is in a relationship of dependency with the owner, or if the relationship is exploitative.