Such dishes are often referred to as Criolla , or Creole.
Aji (chili) is the most popular spice in Peru and is used in a variety of ways to give food extra flavor.
They took the vegetable back to Europe, where it was slow to gain acceptance.
Europe now cultivates the largest number of potatoes, but Peru continues to produce the largest potato varieties and has been referred to as the "Potato Capital of the World." Potatoes were not the only vegetable in ancient Peru, however. They survived mostly on maize and potatoes that they planted on terraces that they carved out of steep hillsides (which can still be seen today). In 1528, the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro discovered Peru and was intrigued by the riches of the Inca Empire.
Christian holidays such as Easter, Christmas, and All Saints' Day are joyously celebrated throughout the country, often with fireworks, bullfights, dancing, and roast pig.