In 1982, the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) supported by National Science Foundation was founded on Berkeley campus, under the request of three Berkeley mathematicians, Shiing-Shen Chern, Calvin Moore and Isadore M. The institute was later moved to the peak of Berkeley hills.
The institute is now widely regarded as a world leading mathematical center for collaborative research, drawing thousands of visiting researchers from around the world each year.
Originally, military training was compulsory for male undergraduates and Berkeley housed an armory for that purpose. Various human and animal rights groups have conflicted with Berkeley.
It also co-manages three United States Department of Energy National Laboratories, including Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Los Alamos National Laboratory for the U. Department of Energy, as well as being home to many world-renowned research institutes and organizations including Mathematical Sciences Research Institute and Space Sciences Laboratory.
Through its partner institution University of California, San Francisco (UCSF), Berkeley also offers a joint medical program at the UCSF Medical Center, the top hospital in California, which is also part of the UC system.
Each campus was given relative autonomy and its own Chancellor.
Then-president Sproul assumed presidency of the entire University of California system, and Clark Kerr became the first Chancellor of UC Berkeley.
In particular, during World War II and following Glenn Seaborg's then-secret discovery of plutonium, Ernest Orlando Lawrence's Radiation Laboratory began to contract with the U. During the Mc Carthy era in 1949, the Board of Regents adopted an anti-communist loyalty oath.