On California campuses, consent is no longer a matter of not struggling or not saying no.
If the student initiating the sexual encounter doesn’t receive an enthusiastic “yes,” either verbally or physically, then there is no consent.
But even looking at this from the perspective of someone being accused, the traditional definition is telling them that it's O. to do this until the victim says 'no.' That's not really a helpful definition for them either because it can really be too late at that point. Consent is consent." "No means no" hasn't always had such a negative connotation.
The Canadian Federation of Students popularized the phrase as part of a well-received, and still ongoing, sexual assault awareness campaign it launched in 1992.
More than 800 colleges now use "affirmative consent" standard in sexual assault policies, but some worry that the swiftly changing definition could lead to confusion in the dorm room and complications in student conduct hearings.
When the sexual assault prevention group Culture of Respect attended the Dartmouth Summit on Sexual Assault in July to promote its forthcoming website, the group went by a different name.
Laura Dunn, executive director of Surv Justice, said campus sexual assault policies could even "fill in some of the holes" in criminal laws regarding consent.