Ventris and Chadwick's translation is "carried on both sides." Amphorae varied greatly in height.
The largest stands as tall as 1.5 metres (5 ft) high, while some were fewer than 30 centimetres (12 in) high - the smallest were called amphoriskoi (literally "little amphorae"). There was a significant degree of standardisation in some variants; the wine amphora held a standard measure of about 39 litres (41 US qt), giving rise to the amphora quadrantal as a unit of measure in the Roman Empire.
There was perhaps an as yet unidentified native Etruscan word for the vase that pre-empted the adoption of amphora.
, Bennett's AMPHORA, which has a number of scribal variants.
Below: Panathenaic prize amphora in the black-figure style, showing the goddess Athena An amphora (Greek: Αμφορέας, English plural: amphorae or amphoras) is a type of container of a characteristic shape and size, descending from at least as early as the Neolithic Period.