In addition, he forced legislators to comply with campaign disclosure laws.
While holding this office, he discovered the use of falsely notarized documents by then-President Richard Nixon to fraudulently earn a tax deduction for the donation of his pre-presidential papers.
Brown decided to run for another term as governor in 2010, and was able to do so due to a grandfather clause in a term-limit law passed in 1990 for California state office.
Brown declined to run for a third term in 1982, and chose instead to run for the United States Senate in 1982.
However, Brown was defeated by Republican Pete Wilson, and many considered his political career to be over.
He also appointed judges who opposed capital punishment.
One of these appointments, Rose Bird as the Chief Justice of the California Supreme Court, was later recalled by voters in 1987 after a strong campaign financed by business interests upset by her "pro-labor" and "pro-free speech" rulings.
Brown defeated Meg Whitman in 2010 to become the 39th California Governor in 2011; on October 7, 2013, he became the longest-serving governor in California history, surpassing Earl Warren.