The imposition of hardship in response to misconduct. However, a judge or jury may assess Punitive Damages against a party in a civil case if that party's conduct was especially wicked.
law include community service, monetary fines, Forfeiture of property, restitution to victims, confinement in jail or prison, and death. The primary aim, though, in most civil cases is to compensate the victim.
In other words, punishment should not be unlimited.
One illustration of consequentialism in punishment is the release of a prison inmate suffering from a debilitating illness.
Theories of punishment can be divided into two general philosophies: utilitarian and retributive.