Writers of the New Testament followed the same practice (Luke 1:5; John 12:1; Acts ).
It was only as the calendar reforms of Julius Caesar became embedded in the culture that people changed from that long-standing method to a more standardized system.
The Jewish calendar remained unchanged during the period between the Old Testament and New Testaments (approximately 400 years), despite an attempt by Hellenistic rulers to introduce a modified lunar-month system, presumably of Macedonian origin.
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Related Topics: How did Jesus fulfill the meanings of the Jewish feasts? What was the significance of the new moon in Bible times?
The 260-day Tzolk'in, or sacred calendar, is the oldest calendar cycle known in Mesoamerica, dating back to at least 600 BC.
An agricultural orientation is apparent in what is evidently the oldest Hebrew calendar, found at Gezer (southeast of Tel Aviv) in 1908 and dating from the 10th century BC.
The calendar divides the year according to agricultural activities such as sowing, reaping, pruning, and storage.
The names of the months in the Jewish calendar originated in the period following the return from Babylonia to Israel.