After the Klan was suppressed, similar insurgent paramilitary groups arose that were explicitly directed at suppressing Republican voting and turning Republicans out of office: the White League, which started in Louisiana in 1874; and the Red Shirts, which started in Mississippi and developed chapters in the Carolinas.
For instance, the Red Shirts are credited with helping elect Wade Hampton as governor in South Carolina.
The second KKK preached "One Hundred Percent Americanism" and demanded the purification of politics, calling for strict morality and better enforcement of prohibition.
Its official rhetoric focused on the threat of the Catholic Church, using anti-Catholicism and nativism.
With numerous chapters across the South, it was suppressed around 1871, through federal law enforcement.