Whereas the addition of bomb tritium to the environment practically eliminated the use of natural tritium as a tracer, it offered a new tool, i.e., the use of the bomb tritium peak (Fig.
1) as a ‘dye’ that is delivered to natural water systems from the atmosphere on local to global scales.
LLNL has developed a noble gas mass spectrometry facility that houses a state-of-the-art water-gas separation manifold and mass spectrometry system designed specifically for high throughput of groundwater samples. scientists with cutting-edge expertise in the measurement and interpretation of noble gases and tritium in groundwater.
The fully automated, computer-controlled manifold system allows analysis of the full suite of noble gases (3He/4He, He, Ne, Ar, Kr, and Xe concentrations), along with low level tritium for reporting of derived quantities that include tritium/helium-3 groundwater age, noble gas recharge temperature, and dissolved excess air concentration.
The increasing national and international demand for water has led to increasing reliance on subsurface storage, both for naturally and artificially recharged water.